Unintended Victims – Gun Controls Impact On The Disadvantaged & Under-Represented Groups

By: C.D. Michel
Adjunct Professor: Chapman University School of Law
Author: CA Gun Laws\
NRA: West Coast legal counsel
Senior Partner: Michel & Associates, P.C.

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California –-(Ammoland.com)-She went home from the gun store to endure a ten day cooling off period before she could take her new gun home.

But her estranged husband, the subject of a restraining order, was not cooling off about their pending divorce.

That same evening she was raped, beaten nearly to death, and their son was almost killed by the man he once called “Daddy.”

Every law has unintended consequences. Many have perverse intended consequences. Nowhere are the perverse results more horrific than with gun control laws, because laws relating the legal acquisition of firearms often harm no one except those who are inclined to obey such legislation.

Oddly, it is the most vulnerable among us who are most harmed by ill-conceived gun control laws. According to criminologists, guns are used to prevent violence about six times more often than commit it. In the absence of efficacy as a crime deterrent – a conclusion reached by the National Academy of Science – we should accept that gun control laws endanger people and disproportionately so.

Disempowering Women
The old adage goes: “When a 220 pound rapist attacks a 110 pound woman, the rapist wins. When a 200 pound rapist attacks a 110 pound woman with a revolver, the revolver wins.”

Despite legal equality, the reality is that typically women are physically unequal to men. On average women are weaker, putting woman at a disadvantage during physical altercations with a man. Many thuggish men rely on this, and it shows in the FBI Uniform Crime Statistics. Women are nearly as likely to be assaulted as men, but are less physically able to resist. Needless to say, women make up nearly all rapes victims. The curve also disfavors younger women (ages 12-24) who are more prone to being violently attacked than older women.

Given these physical dynamics, a woman’s enhanced ability in defending herself becomes important. According to national victimization surveys gathered by the government, the most commonly advised forms of self-defense or physical resistance are largely ineffective and often downright dangerous. To avoid injury and death, women should avoid physical, or even close contact with their attacker.

But using a gun results in the victim being injured about 1/5th as often as when mere physical resistance was used, and 1/4th of as often when trying to get help. So of all means cataloged, using a gun for self-defense resulted in fewer people suffering at the hands of violent attackers.

This is where gun control really works to a woman’s detriment. Many attacks occur in the home, a place where it takes an average of 8-10 minutes for an officer to arrive … and that is if a woman can reach the telephone and dial 9-1-1. Combined, this makes self-defense a requisite for women. Laws designed to slow or prevent acquisition of firearms make injury from attack more probable, and given physical disparities, make it more likely that women are injured or killed.

Disadvantaged Poor and Minorities
The Los Angeles, California police chief once said “’No guns can be sold to Mexicans and all dealers who have used guns for window displays have been ordered to take them from the windows and to show them to no Mexican until the embargo is lifted.” Granted, this was in 1916. But it shows that be it California or Jim Crow’s south, gun control tends to target minorities. Both at the state and federal level, the fact is that gun control has racist roots.

Violent crime disproportionately affects the poor and economically disadvantaged minorities. This is not because poor people or minorities are inherently violent. You can find people fitting both profiles in rural areas around the country where violent crime is low. The combined symptoms are largely confined to inner-city neighborhoods where violent career criminals devolve into their own poverty, and by doing so influence local culture.

Nonetheless, gun control laws significantly target low income populations, and so minorities. Some states, such as California, have attempted to ban inexpensive firearms (so-called “Saturday Night Specials”), making the cost of firearms prohibitive to many in minority communities. Politicians also enact licensing and registration laws that come with associated, and often hefty, fees. Combined, these systems price people out of the firearms market and effectively disarm the law abiding poor in primarily minority districts. And they simultaneously expose the same people to violent career criminals who get black market guns without paying the fees, and drifters who live in those same neighborhoods.

This creates an extremely dangerous situation for minorities, and one that has exacerbated inner-city victimization rates. The homicide rate for blacks is nearly six times higher than for whites, with blacks making nearly half the annual income per household as whites. With lower incomes and an associated inability to afford firearms for self-defense, and living in more violent surroundings where the need for self-defense is most acute, gun control has greatly harmed minorities by disarming them while emboldening violent criminals in their neighborhoods.

Nowhere has this become more evident than in Chicago, Illinois. Having banned private handgun ownership in the early 1980s, Chicago’s homicide rates exploded – second highest rate of major metropolitan cities – with 94.2% of homicides there having black or Hispanic victims. Even though Chicago’s handgun ban has recently been overturned by the courts, to discourage gun ownership the city still puts economic disincentives in front of poor communities in the form of a Chicago Firearm Permit, which costs $100 and which must be renewed every three years. Before even obtaining this permit, an economically challenged citizen must complete a training course at their expense.

The mugger weighted more than 200 pounds. His specialty was robbing old ladies in Miami of their Social Security checks. When one retiree resisted, he beat her, shattering an eye socket, fracturing several ribs and leaving her for dead.

Like women, the elderly are vulnerable due to their physical condition, but also due to frequent isolation. Many live alone in less than safe neighborhoods due to the necessity of living frugally. The elderly are particularly vulnerable during “hot home invasion” robberies where they may face multiple attackers, or an attacker with a gun.

Being easier targets on small fixed incomes puts elderly people in a uniquely dangerous position. Affording firearms may be economically challenging, especially in metropolitan centers where politicians have imposed significant fees and training requirements. In some states, not being allowed to obtain concealed carry permits prevents older Americans from meaningful self-defense in public, where attacks are more likely.

The elderly are more than capable of armed self-defense when gun control does not prevent it. Jay Leone was 90 years old when an armed burglar broke down the door of his San Francisco area home. Leone managed to get his own firearm, and even after being shot by the burglar, wounded and held his attacker for the police. Despite such routine occurrences, some politicians have suggested forcibly disarming senior citizens under the false comparison to rescinding driver’s licenses (public roadways and private homes have vastly different jurisdictional rules).

In Merced, California, two children were murdered by a man with a history of violence, drug abuse and mental illness. — He used a pitchfork.

The oldest child escaped and she called the police, who arrived far too late to protect her siblings. The children’s father had taught all his children how to shoot, and his oldest girl received her hunter safety certificate at age 12. She also knew where her dad kept his handgun, stowed away locked from her access in obedience to California’s “safe storage” law. She could not get the those guns and save her nine and seven year old brother and sister.

Well intended as they may be, gun control laws to protect children are statistically misplaced. Accidental firearm deaths in America have been steadily falling for decades, and in the last reporting year, only 62 children died from firearm accidents (a little more than one child per state for the entire year). Protecting children from firearms is a low priority compared to other deadly situations (twenty two times as many children are accidentally killed in traffic).  Childproofing also has indirect endangerments. If a parent is hindered in using a firearm in defense of their children, then gun control laws that designed to protect kids may do just the opposite.


First; do no harm
Laws should never deprive someone of their rights. Chief among human rights is the right of survival and that includes the means to stay alive. The American Second Amendment was crafted for many reasons, and among the publicly debated justifications was to ensure that the weakest among us had an equal right and chance to live. That gun control laws rob them of these basic rights is inhuman.



Victimization data:

Criminal Victimization, 2010, Bureau of Justice Statistics


Police response time:


Chicago homicide data:

Chicago Murder Analysis, City of Chicago Police Department, 2011


C.D. “Chuck” Michel is one of the leading authorities on 2nd Amendment issues and gun rights ordinances. As one of the chief litigators for the NRA, author of “CA Gun Laws”, Adjunct Professor at Chapman University and Senior Partner at Michel & Associates law firm, Mr. Michel has been an integral figure in defining gun rights legislation since 1991.

Mr. Michel has won numerous high- profile cases for the NRA, including lawsuits striking down proposition H, the San Francisco  law banning possession of handguns within city limits, Assembly Bill 962 requiring ammunition registration and filed amicus briefs in the Supreme Court cases “District of Columbia v. Heller” and “McDonald v. Supreme Court.”

Mr. Michel worked as a criminal prosecutor for the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office and as an advocate with the Los Angeles Federal Public Defender’s Office. He litigated many high-profile cases while at the renowned international law firm O’Melveny & Myers, such as the Exxon Valdez oil spill and served as staff counsel to the Christopher Commission.

Mr. Michel has been lauded on both sides of the 2nd Amendment debate for his professionalism, fairness and ability to engage in a thoughtful, respectful discourse concerning an emotionally charged subject matter.

Mr. Michel brings this unique combination of open engagement, transparency and a self-deprecating wit to every interview which has made him a favorite among the media and respected by both, opposition and 2nd Amendment supporters.



  • Juris Doctorate, Loyola Law School (1989)
  • Oxford University, Magdalen College / SDSU Institute on International & Comparitive Law (1988)
  • Bachelor of Arts, Rutgers University (1980)


Media Coverage:


Notable Awards:

  • Gun Rights Defender of The Year
  • NRA Legion of Honor
  • NRA Unanimous Commendation
  • CRPA Most Valued Board Member
  • Wiley W. Manual Pro Bono Award
  • Loyola Dean’s Service Award
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George Vreeland Hill

The NRA and other gun lovers use the Second Amendment as proof of their right to bear arms. The Second Amendment is outdated and is of no use in today’s society. In fact, the Second Amendment was written as a right to bear arms for colonists to protect themselves against other colonists, Indians and to form a militia in case the British invaded farms and other private lands. To use it today as a law is very silly. If that is all the NRA and their followers have to justify their use of guns, then they will soon lose the… Read more »


Folks there are many groups of people in America who for one reason or another are seen as vulnerable by criminals. Unfortunately I belong to one such group having survived a major stroke after an accident . I have always enjoyed shooting in competition and informally. Now behind limited in the use of my l side I must walk with a cane and carry my l arm in a sling . Even so I don’t let it keep me from doing as many things as possible . When out and about town or out of town I’ve become acutely aware… Read more »

Bill Baker

Stephanie, not only is it obvious you are just an anti-gun troll here but, I should point out that it is painfully easy using the internet to find instances where gun control stopped someone from getting a gun that only lead to them being unable to defend themselves. One painfully obvious example for you libs is the fact that poor dear Martin Luther King was denied a concealed carry permit himself, which might have saved one of your heroes. But as with a lot of liberal tactics, I’m sure your glad he died as to you a dead martyr is… Read more »


Stephanie,As for deductive reasoning you should use some yourself. It is quite obvious you are anti gun by that statement alone. The only way to protect against firearm violence is with another firearm in hands of the victim. One can not call Time Out to dial 911 and then wait for help of police to arrive before Time Out is over and the Attack resumes. Your own deductive reasoning should tell you that. As for me I just use common sense to figure these type things out. Another no brained for you:: If take guns away from the law abiding… Read more »


Where are the statistics to back up these assertions? There are a lot of colorful incidents cited in this piece but it offers little by way of deductive reasoning. Surely a person with your education is aware of the prerequisites for critical thinking…