Sporting Purpose – Just One of Many Problems with the 1968 Gun Control Act

By Jeff Knox

Signing of the Gun Control Act on 22 October in 1968 with President Lyndon B. Johnson
Signing of the Gun Control Act on 22 October in 1968 with President Lyndon B. Johnson

Buckeye, AZ –-( The term “sporting purpose” is imbedded throughout U.S. gun control laws, and its use is a violation of the Second Amendment.

That has been my position for decades. My brother Chris raised the issue in a speech before the Gun Rights Policy Conference some three years ago, and our dad Neal Knox was making an issue of the language in the 1980s.

The “sporting purpose” language has been a plank in federal gun laws dating back at least to the National Firearms Act of 1934. The 1968 Gun Control Act, down to its current incarnation, institutes broad restrictions and prohibitions on a variety of firearms and ammunition, then exempt items that are deemed to be “particularly suitable for sporting purposes,” or are primarily intended for “lawful sporting purposes.”

As Dad used to say, “the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights are not about Americans’ right to keep and bear sporting goods.”

The right to arms enumerated in the Constitution is about self-defense and self-determination, not about trap and skeet or taking game. It also sticks in the craw that much of the actual languages in our gun laws, including the “sporting purpose” clauses, appear to have been lifted verbatim from the German gun control laws of the late 1930s, during the run-up of Nazi power.

We all know how well those laws protected Jews, Gypsies, homosexuals, and other minorities.

So, for over 30 years we have been calling for legislation to remove “sporting purpose” exemptions and repeal or change the laws so that the exemptions are unnecessary. Finally, on June 10, Representative Rob Bishop (R-UT) introduced H.R.2710, titled the Lawful Purpose and Self Defense Act” which, if passed and signed into law, would be the most sweeping reform of the Gun Control Act since Neal Knox’s gun de-control plan that became the Firearm Owners’ Protection Act of 1986.

Representative Rob Bishop want to remove the Sporting Purpose language.
Representative Rob Bishop want to remove the Sporting Purpose language.

Bishop’s bill accomplishes major reforms by simply swapping out a few words and phrases in the current law. The core involves replacing the idea of “sporting purposes” with the idea of “lawful purposes.” We’re thrilled to see it finally introduced. There is simply no room in the Second Amendment for the words “sporting purpose.” We’re also pleased with the timing, as it gives gunvoters a rallying point and presidential and congressional candidates something unambiguous to support or oppose leading into the 2016 elections.

The bill specifically addresses the problem of BATF redefining rifle ammunition as armor piercing handgun ammunition, by replacing “may be used in a handgun” with the more precise “designed and intended by the manufacturer or importer to be used in a handgun.” It goes on to clarify that not only are rifle and shotgun projectiles exempted, but also handgun projectiles that are “designed and intended for hunting, recreational, or competitive shooting,” even if they meet the statutory definition of armor piercing.

H.R.2710 addresses the issue of firearm and ammunition imports by removing the “sporting purpose” language and specifying that firearms and ammo which would be legal for sale and possession in the United States, are legal for importation.

The bill then takes on the problem of shotguns and large-caliber rifles which could, under strict interpretation of the National Firearms Act, be classified as “destructive devices” like mortars and artillery pieces. The current language places common items like shotguns with pistol grips, but no shoulder stock, at risk, but Bishop’s bill clearly exempts these items from NFA designation.

Finally Bishop’s bill simply strikes the word “sporting” from several sections of the GCA. In these instances, existing law uses the phrase; “lawful sporting purpose,” so striking the word “sporting” results in the term “lawful purpose,” a much more appropriate standard.

There will no doubt be some who will complain that this bill doesn’t go far enough in reforming, or completely repealing, the GCA, but it accomplishes a significant amount of improvement with just a few deletions and word substitutions. While the bill might not be perfect, it would represent a major step in the right direction and should enjoy broad support within the firearms community, and stiff opposition from anti-rights forces.

Although there is no serious chance that any pro-rights bill would be signed by the current president, we will be pushing for record votes on H.R.2710 in both the House and Senate, and asking presidential hopefuls where they stand on the legislation.

We encourage readers to contact their representatives to encourage them to cosponsor and push for action on H.R.2710.

You can reach your representative by going to, or calling the congressional switchboard at 202-224-3121.

The Firearms Coalition is a loose-knit coalition of individual Second Amendment activists, clubs and civil rights organizations. Founded by Neal Knox in 1984, the organization provides support to grassroots activists in the form of education, analysis of current issues, and with a historical perspective of the gun rights movement. The Firearms Coalition is a project of Neal Knox Associates, Manassas, VA. Visit:

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Unknown Suspect

“The most sweeping reform of the Gun Control Act since Neal Knox’s gun de-control plan that became the Firearm Owners’ Protection Act of 1986.”… Really. With FOPA of ’86, we now have a static amount of NFA firearms. All future imports and domestic manufacturing of NFA class weapons for sale to joe public have been restricted. A dealer can buy “samples” of post-86 NFA firearms to demonstrate to law enforcement agencies with the purpose of selling said firearms to them, but not to “joe public”. Where is the “win” to this…? It’s I’m still questioning to why I need to… Read more »


As long as Communists and Rinos control the government I see no movement to advance laws to reinforce the meaning and purpose of the 2nd Amendment, and to correct laws that violate it. As the US moves increasingly faster towards a totalitarian government based on Communist doctrine, it is becoming evident to this grey bearded patriot that Americans face choices, of the same type the colonists did on April 19, 1775.


The NFA, GCA, & that 1986 thing all need repealed in full. In my view, the only prohibition which would be lawful is on Chemicla, Biological, or Nuclear devices & weapons (however firearm projectiles made from depleted uranium would NOT be considered a nuclear device/weapon for this purpose).

James A. "Jim" Farmer

Lyndon B. Johnson (LBJ), along with the corrupt Earl Warren Supreme Court (including his nine justices of high treason!), Ted Kennedy, and various other career criminal politicians historically have been the curse, bane, and damnation of our nation now for over 50 years! Johnson deserved to be impeached and removed from high office! And bear in mind Barr McLellan’s 2003 book: “Blood, Money, and Power: How LBJ Killed JFK” and J. Evett Haley’s 1964 book: “A Texan Looks At Lyndon: A Study In Illegitimate Power.” No. We as a nation continue to pay for the high crimes of these political… Read more »


Fighting crime is ‘Sport’ for some politicians because they don’t take it seriously. All they do is further burden law abiding gun owners by passing more laws. Laws do not stop law breaking criminals. Politicians are playing a game of ‘semantics’ when they use terms like “Sporting Purpose”.


A made up term just read the Second Amendment , where do you see Sporting? The End !