Reloading Powders – My Five Favorites

by Bob Shell
My overview of the best reloading powders for use while making ammo.

Two types of 4350 Reloading Powders.
Two types of 4350 Reloading Powders.
Bob Shell
Bob Shell

Apache Junction, AZ -( There are about 200 types of reloading powders available for reloaders which covers everything. And there are new powders coming out almost at a daily basis it seems.

That complicates the situation, as many reloaders are not sure which powder they should use. A reloading manual helps but other problems arise. One of the most vexing problems is availability. It is annoying to work up a load then you can’t find that specific reloading powders.

Another aggravation is working up a nice load then the powder is discontinued. The only way to avoid that is to stock up and hope you have enough to carry you through. Gun powder will last for many years if properly stored but it is still a pain.

So I have a criteria for selecting my favorite reloading powders. First it has to be available and been produced for some years. That should eliminate the fly by night brands. Sometimes a gun powder will come out but if not popular will be discontinued even if it has some merits. That is why one of my criteria is a history of production.

Reloading Powders

A reloading powders that has been in production for years is usually a good gun powder and well liked. That lessens the chance that it will be dropped. It has to be flexible as I reload a lot of calibers some obsolete and odd.

7 mm mag reloaded with H-4831 gun powder.
7 mm mag reloaded with H-4831 gun powder.

The gun powder doesn’t necessarily have to be the best for all of the ammo applications, just good enough be useful. There may be a different selection criteria for someone who loads different rounds. An example would be someone who loads small rounds only, then their selection would be different than the following recommended reloading powders. On the other hand someone who loads giant rounds necked down to a small caliber would be looking at very slow burning propellants.

The 7 MM Rem mag works great with 4831 or 4350 reloading powders and lighter bullets.
The 7 MM Rem mag works great with 4831 or 4350 reloading powders and lighter bullets.

4198 Reloading Powders

Hodgdon 4198 Reloading Powder :
Hodgdon 4198 Reloading Powder :

There are many small rifle cartridges such as a 222 and similar size rounds. While there are a number of good powders for them my go to powder is either IMR 4198 or Hodgdon 4198.

Powder works both well and as a bonus works well in straight cases such as the 45-70. If you want a top velocity in the 45-70, a case full of 4198 and a 400 grain bullet will not disappoint. Other straight cases from the 32-40 and the 38-55 to the 458 work well with the 4198 reloading powders. Some of the obsolete rounds such as the 11 X 60 Mauser works well with it but care is needed to avoid an overload in such old guns. For reduced loads in such rounds as a 30-06 the 4198 will work ok just be sure not to underload it. Either brand of 4198 can be used for reduced loads in rounds such as the 308 and 30-06. It would do well with light bullets in those if you want fast moving bullets in the 100 to 110 grain range.

However, do not attempt to use 4198 reloading powders in producing high velocity loads in those rounds with heavier bullets. That could cause dramatic and dangerous pressure spikes.

30-30 does well with 4895 reloading powders.
30-30 does well with 4895 reloading powders.

322 Reloading Powders

Hodgdon H-322 Reloading Powder has a lot of uses.
Hodgdon H-322 Reloading Powder has a lot of uses. :

Selecting just five powders is very difficult as I use many different gun powders, some for a specific use.

For instance if I want maximum performance in a lever gun with a bottleneck case such as a 30-30 I will go to Hodgdon Leverevolution Smokeless Powder as it seems to be the best for that purpose. While it works in other rounds I have never seen it outperform others in that regard.

Another favorite is Hodgdon Powder H322. It does a good job in quite a few rounds including the 223 and most straight wall cases.

With lighter bullets it does well in the 308 and 30-06 among similar rounds. The 30-30 with the Sierra 125 grain bullet works well with H-322. The 7.62 X 39 uses 322 to good effect. Like the others there are other good powders with similar characteristics that I use.

4895 Reloading Powders

Old can of Hodgdon 4895 Reloading Powder, 4895 has been around for many years.
Old can of Hodgdon 4895 Reloading Powder, 4895 has been around for many years.
The 303 British thrives on 4895 either IMR or Hodgdon
The 303 British thrives on 4895 either IMR or Hodgdon

Many of the rounds I load are military cartridges dating from WW l to WW ll. They are middle powder capacity rounds including things such as the 7.7 Jap, 303 British, 8 X 57 Mauser and many others that are similar. Either IMR or Hodgdon 4895 reloading powders are an excellent choice.

The 4895 gun powder works well with most bullets weights giving good velocity and accuracy.

In the 308 and 30-06 military rounds with a 150 grain FMJ is a top performer in both military velocity and accuracy. In the straight wall cases 4895 reloading powders works well especially the larger ones with the heavier bullets such as a 458 Win with a 500 grain slug.

One of my all-time favorite loads with 4895 powder was the 22-250 with a 50 grain bullet and 36 grains which I used for years sending groundhogs to pasture rat heaven.

While there are other good powders if I had to choose one it would be 4895 reloading powders.

The Hodgdon 4895 powders come in 1 and 8 LB containers.
The Hodgdon 4895 powders come in 1 and 8 LB containers.

4350 Reloading Powders

Accurate 4350 Reloading Powders :
Accurate 4350 Reloading Powders :

With a couple of the larger military rounds with heavy bullets another old timer shows its mettle. In addition for the 30-06 with 165 grain and heavier then my favorite powder is 4350. I have used IMR 4350 Powder, Hodgdon 4350 and Accurate Arms 4350 Reloading Powders and I like all of them.

While they are similar powders, they are not the same powder. So if you work up a heavy load with one brand, and you then switch brands, it might be a good idea to drop off a grain or so until you establish how the new brand powder will react.

For the common magnums such as the 7 mm and 300 mags 4350 reloading powders will do a good job especially with the lighter bullets. With heavy bullets it will work, but there are better choices. With a couple of the larger surplus rounds such as the 7.5 X 55 Swiss and the 7.62 X 54 Russian 4350 is a good choice with the heavier bullets. You will get good velocity and are able to keep the pressures down a bit. These are well built guns but they are not getting any younger so higher pressure powder loads should be avoided. The 6.5 X 55 Swedish will work well with 4350 reloading powders also, especially with heavier bullets. Another use of 4350 gun powder is in some of the other military rounds, especialy if you want to keep the pressure down.

In a 8 X 50 Lebel you can fill up the case and use a standard weight bullet and not worry about excess loads. There should be little or no airspace which will aid in powder burn and shooting consistency.

4831 Reloading Powders

IMR 4831 Reloading Powders :
IMR 4831 Reloading Powders :

There are a lot of magnum rounds in use today and one of the best reloading gun powders is the 4831 powder type. Both Hodgdon 4831 and IMR 4831 produce it, and there are some differences so like the others if you start with one brand it is best to stay with it as switching brands will probably make a change in the loads.

For such rounds as the 7 mm Remington and 300 Winchester, it is among the best. You get good velocities and accuracy with most loads including heavy bullets. Using a heavily compressed load gives good results in a 30-06. Going to obsolete rounds H-4831 is my favorite powder in the 6.5 Daudeteau. I have used it in 3 rifles with a 160 grain and I always get good results. Since it is a conversion from a black powder design low pressures are desirable. I get good velocity and accuracy as well. In a 270 with a 130 grain bullet it is a top choice. The 25-06 and similar rounds also benefit from this powder.

All of these rifle powders are the extruded type IMR 4350 shown
All of these rifle powders are the extruded type IMR 4350 pellet type shown above.

If you have some round such as a 30-378 or something similar then you might need something slower, but personally I don’t see much use for such rounds. There are several ways to make reduced loads. One way is to use a powder that is so slow that it can’t build up enough pressure to stress an old rifle. An example is the 45-70 types of cases in black powder guns. A case full of 4831 reloading powder won’t generate excess pressure, but make sure there is little or no airspace as that will cause inconsistency and can be dangerous in some instances. The load may not be the most consistent but depending on the round and components it can be pretty good. While not the best option reduced loads, using 4831 gun powder can be used in some bottleneck cases, but again care should be taken if you want mild loads. A 308 case can’t hold enough 4831 powder to generate serious pressure especially with light bullets.

Never Enough Reloading Powders

With the reloading work that I do, five powders wouldn’t completely cover everything. At the time of writing this I am involved in an extensive test of the new IMR Enduron Powders. They are improvements over the established types as they are not heat sensitive and may be more consistent from lot to lot. In addition, I have found that they produce more velocity then many of the older powders sometimes by a fairly significant margin. There are no signs of excess pressure but as always care should be always used when working up loads. There are other interesting developments in the powder industry and I try to keep up with them.

The 270 with a 130 grain and H-4831 is an all time great
The 270 with a 130 grain and H-4831 powder is an all time great reload round.

These are all great, well tested and established reloading powders. I recommend every one, but with the aforementioned new gun powders on the horizon, if I had to redo my favorite rifle reloading powders five years from now, it might be a completely different list…

Reloading Powder Resources:


About Bob Shell:

A Custom Reloader of Obsolete and Antique Ammo, Bob Shell, writes about the subject of Guns, Ammo, Shooting and Related Subjects. For more information, visit:

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I’d like to see more of the “loads” regarding the picture of the 30-30. Or it could be a 40-40.

John Boggess

have not reloaded for many years, getting back into it; very much appreciate the guidance!

Roland Wells

Good writing. Might want to qualify what a caseful of powder means for the newbies. 🙂

Bob Shell

I totally disagree. Yes 748 does well in a 223 I have used it, My guess is you don’t load a wide verity of rounds. 760 will not work well in a magnum as it is too fast for best results. Such rounds as the 264, 7 mm and similar rounds require a much slower powder especially with heavy bullets. I have been doing this for many years & I know what works & what doesn’t.

Bob Shell

Appreciate your interest

Wild Bill

The combination of retirement, ammunition shortage of the recent preceding several years, and long term desire have worked to get me into the world of reloading. I have a neighbor, just down the road apiece, who has served as a knowledgeable mentor. Those along with Berger VLDs, and Cooper Rifles make up my short career as a reloader. I am gratified to see Bob Shell’s favorite three powders cover my three powder selections. It makes me think that I am on the right track.

Clark Kent

Ball powders for rifles (and handguns) are the ticket, IMHO. Run much smoother through a powder measure. You don’t need five rifle powders; Winchester 748 and 760 will take care of both small and large caliber rifles.

Bob Shell

Ball powders do run smoothly through a measure but those two powders will not cover all of the cartridges I load. It may cover yours as they are good powders & I use them but neither will work very well in a 22 Hornet, 25-20 or similar rounds. On the other end neither will work well in magnum rounds such as a 264, 7 mm mag, 300 mags and other similar rounds. I load many rounds including many obsolete and I need powders for them. I am currently working on a project with the new Enduron powders and they cover… Read more »

Clark Kent

I have to respectfully disagree. 748 works great in the 223 Remington and 760 works fine in magnum rounds. Find some different reloading manuals.