Higher Education in America

Graduation School College
 Higher Education in America

U.S.A.-(Ammoland.com)- Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Economics at Ohio University Richard Vedder's new book, “Restoring the Promise,” published by the Independent Institute based in Oakland, California, is about the crisis in higher education. He summarizes the three major problems faced by America's colleges and universities. First, our universities “are vastly too expensive, often costing twice as much per student compared with institutions in other industrialized democracies.” Second, though there are some important exceptions, students “on average are learning relatively little, spend little time in academic preparation and in some disciplines are indoctrinated by highly subjective ideology.” Third, “there is a mismatch between student occupational expectations after graduation and labor market realities.” College graduates often find themselves employed as baristas, retail clerks and taxi drivers.

The extraordinary high college cost not only saddles students with debt, it causes them to defer activities such as getting married and starting a family, buying a home and saving for retirement. Research done by the New York Federal Reserve Banks and the National Bureau of Economic Research shows that each dollar of federal aid to college leads to a tuition increase of 60 cents.

For the high cost of college, what do students learn? A seminal study, “Academically Adrift,” by Richard Arum and Josipa Roksa, after surveying 2,300 students at various colleges, argues that very little improvement in critical reasoning skills occurs in college. Adult literacy is falling among college graduates. Large proportions of college graduates do not know simple facts, such as the half-century in which the Civil War occurred. There are some exceptions to this academic incompetency, most notably in technical areas such as engineering, nursing, architecture and accounting, where colleges teach vocationally useful material. Vedder says that student ineptitude is not surprising since they spend little time in classrooms and studying. It's even less surprising when one considers student high school preparation. According to 2010 and 2013 NAEP test scores, only 37% of 12th-graders were proficient in reading, 25% in math, 12% in history, 20% in geography and 24% in civics.

What happens when many of these students graduate saddled with debt? The Federal Reserve Bank of New York, in an October 2018 report, finds that many students are underemployed, filling jobs that can be done with a high school education. More than one-third of currently working college graduates are in jobs that do not require a degree, such as flight attendants, janitors and salesmen. In addition to this kind of resource misallocation, 40% or more college students fail to graduate in six years. It is not unreasonable to ask whether college attendance was a wise use of these students' time and the resources of their parents and taxpayers.

Vedder has several important ideas for higher education reform. First, we should put an end to the university monopoly on certifying educational and vocational competency. Non-college organizations could package academic courses and award degrees based upon external examinations.

Regarding financial aid, colleges should be forced to share in covering loan defaults, namely they need to have some skin in the game. More importantly, Vedder says that we should end or revise the federal student aid program.

Vedder ends “Restoring the Promise” with a number of proposals with which I agree:

  • College administrative staff often exceeds the teaching staff. Vedder says, “I doubt there is a major campus in America where you couldn't eliminate very conservatively 10 percent of the administrative payroll (in dollar terms) without materially impacting academic performance.”
  • Reevaluate academic tenure. Tenure is an employment benefit that has costs, and faculty members should be forced to make tradeoffs between it and other forms of university compensation.
  • Colleges of education, with their overall poor academic quality, are an embarrassment on most campuses and should be eliminated.
  • End speech codes on college campuses by using the University of Chicago Principles on free speech.
  • Require a core curriculum that incorporates civic and cultural literacy.
  • The most important measure of academic reforms is to make university governing boards independent and meaningful. In my opinion, most academic governing boards are little more than yes men for the president and provost.

About Walter E.WilliamsWalter E.Williams

Walter E. Williams is a professor of economics at George Mason University. Williams is also the author of several books. Among these are The State Against Blacks, later made into a television documentary, America: A Minority Viewpoint, All It Takes Is Guts, South Africa's War Against Capitalism, More Liberty Means Less Government, Liberty Versus The Tyranny of Socialism, and recently his autobiography, Up From The Projects.

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    S. VucciS VucciPiper's ColtC.H. BreedloveJohn D. Recent comment authors
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    S. Vucci
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    S. Vucci

    Exactly. They teach them the ins and outs of how to get the most money out of the government agencies.

    Piper's Colt
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    Piper's Colt

    After six years in the Naval service to America, going to OU was a great experience. I graduated in 1971 and immediately began employment in the public school system as a sixth grade teacher. I feel that I got a good education and the professors at Ohio University were the best. I learned plenty. Today, well that is another matter. Good observation by Dr. Williams.

    John D.
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    John D.

    I paid my way by working full time at Westinghouse, while a full time student at the University of Georgia. Tuition was $314 per quarter (10 weeks), and I brought home $864 a month. I was married with one child, and would have another child 3 months prior to graduation. There wasn’t any social agenda in those days by wayward professors. At that time Dixie had not yet faced the second Yankee invasion, but it was picking up steam. Today, Georgia’s population is half non-native, and many Yankees live here. Atlanta is no longer thought of as Southern, and if… Read more »

    Robert J. Lucas
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    Robert J. Lucas

    Recommend they become masons, plumbers, electricans, carpenters, HVAC specialists. All is needed in this great nation. We have forgotten how to get our hands dirty…

    C.H. Breedlove
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    C.H. Breedlove

    Don’t forget military service, where a young person can mature and learn about mechanics, for example, and, assuming the GI bill is still available to help pay for college expenses, and if the person desires to go to college, they don’t have to go into debt to do so.

    S Vucci
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    S Vucci

    The older generation hasn’t. This generation doesn’t know what dirty is!!

    Tim
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    Tim

    If I could re-do a portion of raising our kids, it would be the school years. One of my kids was brain-washed in college. Swallowed the liberal crap, hook, line and sinker. She made some life choices that will cause hardship, between us, for the rest of our lives. I hope she will will make some changes. I can no longer recommend a University degree right out of high school. I would have a kid go get some technical training / skill or possibly military or civil service. Work and grow-up, for a couple years. Then, if they still want… Read more »

    Nathan Hale
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    Nathan Hale

    But, wait, aren’t the Demosocialists gonna give “ free” college to everyone, including illegal immigrants and dead people who vote for them ?

    S. Vucci
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    S. Vucci

    Oh, yeah. I forgot about that.

    Alan
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    Alan

    Don
    t you really mean higher leftist indoctrination in America?