Federal Lawsuit Challenges San Jose Gun Fee, Insurance Mandate

A federal lawsuit challenging a gun fee and insurance mandate in San Jose, Calif., has been filed in U.S. District Court. (Dave Workman)

U.S.A.-(AmmoLand.com)- A California-based gun rights group has filed a federal lawsuit challenging an ordinance adopted by the City of San Jose earlier this year requiring gun owners in the city to obtain liability insurance and pay a fee to have guns in the city.

The complaint was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California by the Firearms Policy Coalition and a private citizen, Christopher Glass. The case is known as Glass v. City of San Jose. Plaintiffs are represented by Bradley A. Benbrook and Stephen M. Duvernay of Benbrook Law Group, and David H. Thompson, Peter A. Patterson, and Joseph O. Masterman of Cooper & Kirk, PLLC.

The 17-page lawsuit alleges the city’s fee requirement violates the First and Second Amendments.

“The government may not impose a fee on the choice to exercise a constitutional right,” the complaint says. “But that is exactly what the Ordinance does. The government also may not restrict firearm ownership in ways that are wholly unknown to the Nation’s history and that fail entirely to advance the government’s asserted goals. Novelty is not a virtue here, and neither are restrictions for restriction’s sake. But the Ordinance is concededly novel, and it will neither improve public safety nor reduce the costs of gun violence. It will only burden those who already follow all firearm laws.”

The complaint further alleges, “The Ordinance directs the City Manager to designate a nonprofit organization that will spend firearm owners’ money on ‘programs and initiatives’ to ‘mitigate’ the supposed risk of the ;possession of firearms.’…The fee provision thus forces firearm owners to associate with an organization of the City’s choosing and subsidize expressive activities of the organization’s choosing, in violation of the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in Janus v. American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees.”

The city, led by anti-gun Democrat Mayor Sam Liccardo, adopted the insurance mandate and gun fee in January. In an Op-Ed published by the Los Angeles Times, Liccardo asserted, “Requiring every gun owner in my city to carry liability insurance will better compensate unintentional shooting victims and their families for medical and related expenses. More importantly, insurance can also incentivize safer gun ownership. Risk-adjusted premiums will encourage owners to take gun-safety courses, use gun safes or install child-safe trigger locks to reduce the annual toll of accidental gun harm.”

But buried in the text of the lawsuit is a reference to a case from Pennsylvania that may put Liccardo’s scheme on the spot.

“The government ‘may not impose a charge for the enjoyment of a right granted by the federal constitution’,” the lawsuit states, referring to the Supreme Court ruling in a 1943 case known as Murdock v. Pennsylvania (319 U.S. 105, 113). “But that is what the Ordinance does. The annual fee operates as a charge for the privilege of exercising a fundamental right. The insurance requirement effectively does the same, as do any ‘cost recovery fees’ that the City might impose on firearm owners under (the new law). The Ordinance is unconstitutional for this reason alone. The fee and insurance provisions are further unconstitutional because they impede the right to keep and bear arms protected by the Second Amendment.”

This could be a critical point, because it essentially says rights are equal since the Murdock case was a First Amendment issue. Protecting the right to keep and bear arms is just as important as protecting the right of free speech and religion. Translation: A right is a right.

Liccardo, in his Op-Ed, didn’t seem to understand that principle.

“Imposing a modest annual fee on gun owners can support underfunded domestic violence and suicide prevention programs, gun-safety classes, mental health services and addiction intervention,” he wrote at the time.

But that’s not allowed under the constitution, the lawsuit asserts. A few lines later, Liccardo seemed to understand this, “Gun rights advocates argue that gun owners should not have to pay a fee to exercise their constitutional right to bear arms. To be sure, the 2nd Amendment protects the rights of citizens to own guns, but it doesn’t require the public to subsidize gun ownership.”

With that statement, Liccardo abandoned any argument he might have made that he adheres to the Second Amendment, because he holds every gun owner responsible for the criminal acts of people who misuse guns., and he further admitted criminals won’t obey the ordinance, anyway.

“Critics say that criminals won’t obey insurance or fee mandates — and they are right,” Liccardo acknowledged. “But these ordinances create a legal mandate that gives police the means for at least the temporary forfeiture of guns from dangerous law-breakers.”

Here, again, he lumps all gun owners in with criminals, asserting they are “dangerous law-breakers” because they refuse to pay a fee or obtain liability insurance in order to exercise a fundamental right.

“The fee and insurance provisions directly and substantially burden the core Second Amendment right to possess firearms for self-defense and other lawful purposes,” the lawsuit contends.

Plaintiffs want the court to declare the San Jose ordinance “unconstitutional on its face.” The goal is to “permanently (prevent) the City of San Jose and its agents from enforcing the Ordinance.”

If San Jose is allowed to get away with leveling an ownership fee and insurance mandate on gun owners, other cities will almost certainly adopt similar requirements. That is almost guaranteed after Washington State’s Supreme Court smacked down a safe storage ordinance in the City of Edmonds—essentially nullifying a similar requirement in Seattle—in a landmark preemption case filed by the Second Amendment Foundation and National Rifle Association, and municipal anti-gunners will be looking for other ways to attack gun owners.


About Dave Workman

Dave Workman is a senior editor at TheGunMag.com and Liberty Park Press, author of multiple books on the Right to Keep & Bear Arms, and formerly an NRA-certified firearms instructor.

Dave Workman

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Would be more appropriate for parents of young blacks to be required to buy insurance. That’s where the majority of “Defective Citizen Violence”….er, gun violence, my bad…..originates. But, then, they aren’t trying to prevent gun violence. Along with racism, gun violence is one of the strongest, most used plays in the Libturds’ playbook.

Last edited 18 days ago by StLPro2A

and the majority of wealthy blacks like shaprton, waters and others should pay their taxes too. I once worked with a black coworker that was in his 50’s and I asked if he won or lost for tax season and complained about the 600 I owed fed and state. He said, “I always win” I asked how do you manage, we make the same money? ” don’t you know? blacks don’t pay taxes? He was a friend and he meant it he wasn’t being a smart A^^. Later I found out from another friend that was also a state worker… Read more »


Freebooters, Pirates and Letters of Marquis! All mentioned and controlled by OUR Constitution, I guess this ignorant mope has never read that August document!

Wild Bill

Hey does anyone know whether it is Gieco or Progressive that is owned by George Soros? I just bought a new bike and need insurance, but not George Soros’s insurance!


Neither, but he has his crooked fingers wrapped around a ton of companies in the USA. Check this out and note #6 What Companies Does George Soros Own【In 2022】 – DATAROMA (dataromas.com). Very interesting.

Last edited 17 days ago by Briley
Wild Bill

Eye opening. 6) Varian Medical Systems, Inc. (NYSE: VAR)Soros Fund Management purchased 145,058 portions of Varian Medical Systems, Inc. (NYSE: VAR) during Q3, esteeming the holding at $24.5 million toward the finish of September, starting off the second 50% of our rundown.  Toward the finish of Q2, David Blood and Al Gore’s Generation Investment Management had the most elevated holding in Varian among the Insider Monkey reserves, estimated at simply more than $400 million.  After Siemens Healthineers announced in August that it would acquire Varian for $16.4 billion in cash, the stock rose over 21%, setting them up for a big… Read more »

Last edited 17 days ago by Wild Bill

I am aware of the historic use of freebooters and privateers and of letters of Marquis, but I am at a loss of how these relate to the article, and who is the “ignorant mope.” Will you enlighten me, please? Thanks.


So if the law suit succeeds based on Murdock v. Pennsylvania could that also be an avenue for striking down the $200 tax stamp on NFA items?




Man, if only that could be true. It will or should work against San Jose but the other is ATF, you know, obidens thugs which is federal and they are the supreme rule, I doubt that it would go against them because they have all the other alphabet backers and supreme court as well as local judges in their pockets. Just saying. I back my statement by saying the right now the supreme court is trying to determine if title 42 for immigration is legal. I would say it is illegal but since the demoncrats seem to think that anyone… Read more »


Probably not. The $200 tax on NFA items still leaves access to non-NFA resources for 2A purposes. There might be a better path to initially attack sales and Robinson-Pittman style taxes as taxes on constitutional rights.


The cure for the left’s illness is constitutional carry nation wide that is the prescription for their illegal endeavors.This democratic mayor Liccardo uses the term “my city” as lord and ruler of the people that elected him. I have written before it is very difficult to remove a mayor from office. In this case the people of San Jose like the rest of California have made another bad choice. The people have filed a lawsuit calling this mandate unconstitutional, that goes without saying. Democratic sanctuary run city’s are cesspools filled with illegals stoners criminals liberals and the highest homeless populations… Read more »


He is just like the new mayor in New York, who claims the people are his people and gives examples of what he wants to do to his plebs.

OreGONEISTAN where we are plebs and surfs and if you come here with a carry permit you are to because your permit isn’t worth squat.


i can see a three judge panel in 9th circuit ruling this is unconstitutional, but an en banc panel would undoubtedly say it is okay, thus having to again be overturned in scotus many years later. should be a summary judgement for plaintiff due to unconstitutionality.
leftists need to be held accountable for wasting taxpayer money on stupid laws like this, which most of their ideas are. they don’t care about wasting someone else’s money like they don’t care about you, only power and wielding it over others.


that is the reason we are supposed to have and carry arms