MoH Recipient’s Last Stand During WWI Helped Break German Spirits

By Katie Lange, Department of Defense

Medal of Honor Monday
MoH Recipient’s Last Stand During WWI Helped Break German Spirits

USA – -(AmmoLand.com)- This blog is part of a weekly series called “Medal of Honor Monday,” in which we’ll highlight one of the more than 3,500 Medal of Honor recipients who have earned the U.S. military’s highest medal for valor.

This fall of 2018 marked the 100th anniversary of the Battle of St. Quentin Canal, a major World War I battle that helped turn the tide of the war in favor of the Allies. Army Cpl. James Heriot was part of it, and his actions earned him a Medal of Honor.

Army Cpl. James D Heriot
Army Cpl. James D Heriot

Heriot grew up in Providence, South Carolina, at the turn of the century. After high school, he went to Clemson University to study agriculture, then returned home to work on the family farm. Heriot also joined the South Carolina Army National Guard.

When the U.S. entered World War I in June 1917, Heriot was brought up to active duty. About a year later, he found himself stationed in France, assigned to the American Expeditionary Force’s 118th Infantry Regiment, 30th Infantry Division.

The 30th ID played a major role in the Battle of St. Quentin Canal, one of two key battles that took place during the war’s 100 Day Offensive. The 30th ID and the U.S. Army’s 27th Infantry Division joined British and Australian troops in a fight to gain a crossing point over the canal, which was part of the heavily defended Hindenburg Line, where Germany had begun its offensive earlier that year.

Heriot’s 118th Infantry Regiment was tasked with leading the charge to break the Hindenburg Line beginning in late September 1918. They were quite often on the front lines of battle, and that’s where Heriot found himself on Oct. 12, 1918.

That day, Heriot and four other soldiers decided to organize a combat group to attack an enemy machinegun nest that had been hitting his company hard. But as they approached, heavy fire came at them from all sides. Two of the four men were killed, so the remaining two had to find shelter.

Heriot didn’t want to stay put, though. Despite the gunfire flying all around, he put his bayonet on his gun and charged the enemy machine gun nest, running about 30 yards through fire to get there. He was able to get the gunners there to surrender.

Heriot suffered several wounds to his arms from the charge, but he continued fighting. Later that day, he charged another machine gun nest – a move that killed him.

The Battle of St. Quentin Canal achieved all its objectives, including the first full breach of the Hindenburg Line, and in a war where battlefield progress was often measured in yards, the fact that the 30th Division penetrated more than 10 miles of territory did the right amount of psychological damage.

The Allies’ success in that campaign convinced the German high command that there was little hope for a victory in its favor. Less than a month later, on Nov. 11, 1918, Germany signed an armistice, ending the war.

Army Cpl. James D Heriot Grave Stone
Army Cpl. James D Heriot Grave Stone

Heriot was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor in 1919. His mother accepted it on his behalf. Five other South Carolina Army National Guard soldiers who were part of the 118th Infantry Regiment were awarded the medal, too – the most of any regiment in the American Expeditionary Forces.

May we never forget their sacrifices!

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U.S. Department of Defense

The Department of Defense provides the military forces needed to deter war and ensure our nation’s security. The foundational strength of the Department of Defense is the men and women who volunteer to serve our country and protect our freedoms. Visit www.defense.gov/ to learn more.

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2WarAbnVet
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2WarAbnVet

If Heriot is from Providence (Orangeburg County) why is his MOH displayed in the Lee County Courthouse in Bishopville?

Wild Bill
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Wild Bill

Hey 2War! Long time no hear from. Where you all been, brother?

pigpen51
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pigpen51

We need to remember WWI as well as WWII. The soldiers in the first war were also as brave as they come. I believe that the reason that we don’t have more knowledge of the first war, is because of the fact that once America entered the war, it was not all that long until the German’s surrendered, which was no coincidence.

tomcat
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tomcat

It was outstanding of him to give his life for freedom. It is too bad the progressives don’t appreciate what others have done for them. Their continuance in this socialist excapade is going to cause more lives lost for freedom.

JPM
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JPM

God bless him and all who served and serve.

PatriotUnitDeath
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PatriotUnitDeath

I salute his honor, courage, bravery and patriotism. A great American RIP!

Wild Bill
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Wild Bill

@LFOD, Yeah, the youth of America could be so much more than they are. It is not like they have not had good role models throughout our entire history.