The 35 Whelen – A Manly, All Business Rifle Cartridge

By Major Van Harl USAF Ret

98 Mauser bolt action rife chambered in 35 Whelen
98 Mauser bolt action rife chambered in 35 Whelen
AmmoLand Gun News
AmmoLand Gun News

Wisconsin –-(  Frank Ehrenford, the lever action rifle designer of exceptional natural firearms ability and aptitude, has cost me a lot of money over the past forty years with his advice on what gun, in what caliber he thought I really needed to own.

My model 98 Mauser bolt action rife chambered in 35 Whelen is one of those remembered expenses taken on at the suggestion of Frank.

In 1922 then Col. Townsend Whelen took the official US military rifle cartridge 30-06 which is a .30 caliber diameter bullet and expanded the case out to .35 caliber. He named this new cartridge 35 Whelen and it has been used to hunt almost every type of game large and small around the world. The problem was none of the ammunition manufacturing companies made factory produced ammo in 35 Whelen or made store-bought rifles in this efficient and impressive cartridge. A 35 Whelen rifle owner had to make all their own ammo by hand.

I was in the process of building my 35 Whelen rifle just as I was getting married and planning to take my new bride to Alaska for our honeymoon in 1978. I got the rifle put together in time to drive out of Colorado and head to Alaska, but I had no ammo to shoot should I run into something large and brown in the woods of the 49th state. So I did what any new young husband would do, I took my ammunition reloading equipment with me on my honeymoon drive to Anchorage.

After setting up our two-person, very small tent that my new bride and I spent our first days of marriage in, I broke out the powder, primers and bullets to make 35 Whelen ammo. We were in Dawson Creek, British Columbia, our last stop before we headed north on the Alaska Highway. I was at the picnic table making ammo as fellow campers would walk by and ask me what I was doing. The local RCMP Mountie who made a regular pass through the campgrounds in the evening in Dawson Creek stopped to see what I was doing. We talked guns, big game, the dangers of driving the Alaska Highway and unknown (at the time) to the Constable, about the 35 Whelen cartridge.

Ten years later I was back in Alaska stationed there with the Air Force. I made that winter drive from lower 48, to Anchorage with my 35 Whelen sitting next to me in my truck. You go nowhere in Alaska without a firearm. When I built my 35 Whelen rifle I kept it under seven pounds and I did not put a big bulky scope on it to just get in the way.

How was I to know I was ahead of the times with what became known as a “Scout Rifle”?

Now rifle manufacturing companies make these handy long guns for thousands of dollars. In 1987 the ammo industry started making 35 Whelen ammunition ( ) . For five years where ever I went in Alaska my 98 Mauser/35 Whelen was with me to include some the thickest alders you could imagine. I was in places that if my rifle and ammo failed me I was not going to get out alive.

Buffalo Bore Ammunition ( has an excellent 35 Whelen cartridge in production (42B/20). They use a 225 grain TSX, Barnes bullet that is moving out at 2800 FPS. It is recognized as one of the most dependable and deadliest bullets you can load in a 35 Whelen. It will stop anything in North America.

There is a lot of what I call new “designer cartridges” out there in the gun manufacturing world. No doubt some of the alleged ballistics will make that “new” round and the rifle you would need to buy to shoot it in, quickly pass through your credit card and into your hands shaking with naive excitement.

The 35 Whelen was an effectively used big bore rifle cartridge for 65 years before there was even any factory ammo to shoot. You had to really understand the capabilities and be willing to expend the effort that goes into personally making and test shooting your own ammo to hunt with a 35 Whelen. Buffalo Bore has taken the work out of the process and has produced some outstanding ammo.

In today’s world where youth and newness is wanted, I desire the antique. I choose an 1898 designed rifle, with a 1903/06 rifle cartridge case and a new and improved 1922, 35 caliber round of ammunition, owned and fired by an old man (me) who wants to dispatch anything with one shot. I don’t think my smart phone has a 35 Whelen app, but then again I will never be able to stop a grizzly or a “walker” by texting to my down range target.

35 Whelen, Frank Ehrenford and Buffalo Bore, they are all strictly business.

Major Van Harl UASF Ret / [email protected]

About Major Van Harl USAF Ret.:Major Van E. Harl USAF Ret., a career Police Officer in the U.S. Air Force was born in Burlington, Iowa, USA, in 1955. He was the Deputy Chief of police at two Air Force Bases and the Commander of Law Enforcement Operations at another. He is a graduate of the U.S. Army Infantry School.  A retired Colorado Ranger and currently is an Auxiliary Police Officer with the Cudahy PD in Milwaukee County, WI.  His efforts now are directed at church campus safely and security training.  He believes “evil hates organization.”  [email protected]

  • 25 thoughts on “The 35 Whelen – A Manly, All Business Rifle Cartridge

    1. For some reason the .35 bore has not caught on as most want the new wiz-bang magnums.
      The .358Win & .35 Whelen are similar devilments and neither are popular,. then there was the 356Win that fell flat on it’s face when it should have become a very popular all around north american big game rifle and round.
      I guess it depends on who they hand one to and take on a hunting campaign to promote it

    2. Few years late on this article, but had an old 30-06 that wasn’t getting much use re-bored to 35 Whelen for larger game specific hunts. Total gun weight with scope right at 8lbs. Love the power of the 35 Whelen and larger bullet options. Can go up to the 310g Woodleigh for the bigger critters, down to 225g Barnes or Nosler Accubond for longer range shots on medium game….or down to 180g for shots on deer….all in factory ammo if one desires. And recoil is reasonable enough to not have to bother with a muzzle break. I’m mostly using Nosler 250g Partitions for all animals at the moment. Primarily or elk and bear, although will take on one of the deer hunts as well.

    3. I have a remington 750 35 whelen and have killed deer and bear . I shot a moose in Maine also . This cartridge is an amazing bear thumper , with huge exit holes . Never gets the recognition it deserves. It puts them down!!!!!

    4. I have purchased a custom ER Shaw Mark VII Rifle a few years ago, my first and only custom rifle. Bead blasted stainless, helical fluted, 24″ barrel, with a muzzle break, and a laminated stock. I am shooting 225 gr. TSX’s at about 3700 FPS. I am getting 3 shot groups the size of a quarter at 100yds. and silver dollar at 200yds. The terminal perfomance on deer is incredible. It simply flattens them. The bullet weights go from 150 grns., to 300. But i have found through handloading (I am being taught) that the 200 and especially the 225 grn. works the best.I prefer the 225 as my all around woods number. I seldom get shots over 225 yds. here in Pensylvania. And by reloading one can use 30-06 brass which is cheap and easy to resize. I would recomend the 35 Whelen for all North American medium and large game, and predators. recoil is hardly noticed with the muzzle break. All in all I don’t think i am going to use much else in PA for deer and bear hunts with the occasional wild boar. I wished more people would give this caliber a try, they wouyld be well rewarded, with a full freezer, and legs that are not sore from tracking down a kill, because they fall dead in their tracks. I would say this is one for the novice and the expert alike.



    5. In the early 1990s I bought a scoped 1988 Rem. 700 Classics in 35 Whelen for $500 from a young man who was going through a divorce. It was an okay deal for him and a great deal for me. Since then I have hunted with it off and on over the years killing whitetail deer in Missouri and in Wyoming taking mule deer, antelope, elk and mountain lion. I agree with all the accolades given to this cartridge in the article and comments above.

      For the last many years my Whelen has worn an old Weaver K2.5 scope and I have never felt the need for more magnification. This coming September I will hunt mountain caribou in the Northwest Territory of Canada. At age 70 this will be a once-in-a-lifetime hunt with my adult son. The jury is still out but the 35 Whelen is a likely choice for that duty. If I ever draw a resident moose license here in Wyoming the 35 Whelen will be my first and only choice.

    6. I just bought a CVA Scout in 35 whelen. I cannot wait to take it out and shoot it, get ready for deer and elk season here in Utah. It is the stainless steel with real tree xtra camo synthetic stock and fluted barrel.

      I am now un decided about scope power for it. I am interested in silver color. Any suggestions or comments would be appreciated.

    7. Go reading it about time we talk about a real hunting round I been useing this round from 1972 and now it’s 2016 .i live in the catskill mountains of nys hunted deer ,black bear ,shot cow and pigs with this rifle it was a 270 ,I shot this 270 till the barrel was worn out ,I joined the Wittenberg sportsmen club In 1967 on the wall of our club hosts was a target with 3 bullet holes the size of a nickel signed by a club member at 100 yards ,35 whaelen being just 21 at the time I said to the other member what the hell is that 35 whaelen he told me it was a wild cat round that they had made on a springfield rifle,so I said some day I am going to have me one of them there rifle and I never looked at any other rifle still shooting the same gun at 73 years young good hunting guys shoot straight . Herman Rivera aka pole cat

    8. I just bought my first 35 whelan and was wondering…does anyone know if the Hornady superformance 200 grain will expand and leave a good blood trail ?

      1. Superfomance knocked my scope loose. It’s no joke hits hard too. Won’t need a trail. What ever you shoot is dead in its tracks.

    9. I also built a 35 Whelen up on a Styer built 98 Mauser dated 1912 action. Extremly Accurate.
      After dropping the first deer so fast I thought I Missed, I have been 100% sold on this caliber.
      Every time, it drops em without another step. NO tracking, No draggin up hill, just right there on the spot.
      If your wanting to collect meat, you can’t shoot a better round.

    10. I have lived in Alaska for 38 years and used everything from .270 to 45-70 for taking caribou, black and brown bears and moose. I have a Remington 7600 in 35 Whelen that I bought new in 1986 and had it electro Nickle plated to make it able to handle the wet Alaska climate. Both the rifle and caliber are fantastic. It performs as well or better than anything else I have ever used. I have taken multiple caribou, moose and bears with it and love it. Before fantastic factory ammo was available I had to handload using 250 grain Swift bullets but now that is unnecessary. Federal, Hornady, Buffalo Bore, etc. produce better than I can load myself. This month I took a bull elk in Utah using Federal 225 Trophy Bond ammo. As usual it was a one shot kill.
      I still have lots of rifles in multiple calibers but consider my 35 Whelen my go to rifle. The new factory loads match or beat the magnums with a lot less recoil. And…it is not just a close range brush gun either…check out the charts for new factory 180 and 200 grain loads. You will be amazed.
      When you are trying to dig a bear out of brush that only allows you to see no more than 10 feet in front of you the speed of the Remington 7600 action really becomes important and comforting.

    11. I own 2 – a Ruger Hawkeye and a Nosler……..The Hawkeye didn’t shoot well until a trip to Hill Country Rifles, but both are accurate and make a serious impression on whatever you are shooting – Nilgai, hogs, Scimitar Horned Oryx, etc – without thumping the shooter too much…..Love this caliber.

    12. I have hunted almost every large North American game. For years I used 338WM for largest game like elk, moose, bison, caribou. It was on one such trip for elk in Wyoming I either lost / misplaced / or just forgot my ammo. I did not realize this until we were loading up and leaving the truck to head a field. My buddy had his Remingtom 700 in .35 Whelen. With no ammo I was faced with a decision, use his rifle, or sit this hunt out. I choose to use his rifle. That was 1988. Long story short, I searched until I had my own 700 in .35 Whelen. I have never looked back! This is the BEST caliber and round I have ever owned. I still love my .338WM but my reloads in .35 allow me to go as low as 158gr bullet or as large as 300gr. I have loaded anything and everything in between. I love this round. Almost 25 years later I am still amazed with it. If you are a reloader and avid hunter, this is a must have caliber. I would feel comfortable using this for dangerous African animals in lue of my .375 H&H or .458Win, I am that confident in this round.

    13. I have been thinking about getting a whelen for a while now and the more I read about them the more I don’t understand why more rifle makers are not building them.They sound like a perfect choice to me I cant wait to have mine built.

    14. I really really like my .35 Whelens. In 1990 I put a Douglas barrel in .35 Whelen on my “Winchester Classic” .270 bolt gun. Barnes 225 grain triple shocks are great. For cast, with a gas check, I use 245 grain wheel weight slug (SAECO MOLD) at about 2300fps. I also built another .35 Whelen on a VZ24 action, 18″ barrel carbine. I really really like it too. Also, no problem with brass, ever. ’06 right through the .35 dies and BAM! you got .35 Whelen. Works great. I live in
      Boise City & my .35 can kill deer, elk, bears, cougers, you name it. What’s not to like with having a .35 Whelen?

    15. 15 years ago put together a Douglas barrel ,composite stock,2.5x8x36 Ruger 77 in 35 Whelen. I shoot the 200 gr for Deer out to about 250 yards and hand load 225 gr for every thing else. 4 to 5 animals every year. One shot each every time. It is absolutely the last word and crushes what ever it hits. The goal is to kill quickly. The 35 Whelen does a dam fine job at that…

    16. Yep. Get between mama bear and her cubs in an Alder thicket and find out
      what pre-senility incontinence is like. Quick reaction, steady nerves and reliable
      firepower of your own creation will bring you home.

      Keep it coming Major Van Hart.

    17. ‘I was in places that if my rifle and ammo failed me I was not going to get out alive.’

      What a load of nonsense. Makes for exciting reading, I guess, but spare us the melodrama.

      1. If you haven’t hunted Alaska there are quite a few places out in the islands that the gunshot is a dinner bell for a very large brown creature. I have personally found the skull of a hunter that never got out, my dad was a guide there in the fifties and sixties, and I have hunted there most of my life

    18. I bought one of the new single shot CVA Apex guns in 35 Whelen last year. It is legal to hunt Primitive here with such a gun. When you drop the hammer on one of these, you know immediately that you have just fired a big gun.

    19. I finally got my 7.62 x 39mm American (.308 bore) built and now for my, probably, last custom Mauser I’m working on a 35 Whelen. Thanks for a great story!

    20. Great article that mirrors my own belief. My RIFLE is an old 1903A3 that has been sporterized but left in 30-06 because in my heart I know if has and will do anything I ask of it. I can find ammo anywhere and most of all I trust it. Thanks for letting us know about your 35 Whelen. I sure read about them when I was a kid.

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