MT: Pheasant Hunter Kills Charging Grizzly with 12 Gauge

By Dean Weingarten

Elliot Clark, 11, shot this bear that charged his party, in Alaska in July, 2017

Dean Weingarten

Arizona -(Ammoland.com)- 11 year old Elliot Clark killed this charging grizzly with a shotgun in Alaska in July of 2017.  He used a 12 gauge shotgun.

The first shot was ineffective, with bird shot. The second shot was a perfectly placed slug in middle of the nose. The third shot was to the shoulder. It is likely both would have been fatal. There were powder burns on the bears mouth from the third shot. The fourth shot was an insurance shot after the bear was down.

In Montana, a few days ago, in early November, 2017, a 60-year-old pheasant hunter shot and killed a charging grizzly bear, mortally wounding it. He used a 12 gauge shotgun.
While details of the story are a little muddy, one account says  he shot in air, then shot the bear in the chest, as it ran at him. The final shot was said to be in the bear's face. 

PENDROY – A bird hunter shot and killed a grizzly bear five miles east of Pendroy Saturday. Pendroy is about 80 miles northwest of Great Falls.

According to Mike Madel of Montana Fish, Wildlife, and Parks, the hunter shot the adult female grizzly in the face with a 12-gauge shotgun.

The bear ran off. Then next day, the bear was found, dead.

Shotguns are powerful firearms. A 12 gauge bird load is commonly 1 to 1 1/4 of an ounce of shot at close to 1300 feet per second. Some bird loads have  up to 1 3/4 ounces.  1 1/4 ounces is a standard 12 gauge pheasant load.

It seems a unlikely that a pheasant hunter would have slugs in his bird gun. To be effective on big game, bird shot has to be fired from very close range. The pellets have to be close enough together to reinforce each other and act like a single, pre-fragmented projectile.

My father taught me this when I was about 11. I suggested that bird shot was useless for larger game. He said it didn't matter when you were very close. He then recounted killing a doe with a 20 gauge as she came up to him on a trail, within a few feet. He said at five feet, the shot pulverized the deer's skull.

Even at those ranges, choke matters. A cylinder bore gun's pattern will disperse faster than a full choke.  A full choke keeps a tighter pattern. Here is a test I did with a full choke 12 gauge and 1 1/8 ounce of #8 shot.

MT: Pheasant Hunter Kills Charging Grizzly with 12 Gauge

The top hole is a pattern five feet from the muzzle. The very top hole is from the wad. The hole below that is from the shot charge. Almost all of the shot is in one hole about 1 inch in diameter. This will act as a pre-fragmented projectile and penetrate about six inches into flesh. It will smash through skulls unless the shot is at a very oblique angle.

As a pellet in the front of the shot string encounters the target, it starts to penetrate and slow down. Then the pellet behind it hits it and pushes it ahead, then the pellet behind that one hits it, and so on.  The mechanics can get pretty complicated, but you get the idea. That is why a closely packed shot string will penetrate much further than individual pellets.

The middle hole is from 10 feet from the muzzle. While the pattern has increased to about 1.5 inches with a few flyers, it will still penetrate about five inches into flesh and smash into a bear skull if the angle is not too oblique.

The bottom hole is patterned 15 feet from the muzzle with a full choke. Over half of the shot is still in a 1 inch circle in the center of the pattern. Penetration in flesh will still be about 5 inches. Beyond five yards, the pellets are starting to penetrate as individual projectiles, instead of reinforcing each other. Pellet size and density become very important after five yards.

Shotguns with bird shot inflict incredibly destructive wounds at very close range.

The grizzly ran off and died. If the face shot missed smashing into the brain case, it could have cause massive damage to arteries, or enough damage inside the brain, from the concussion, to cause a delayed death. Not all brain shots are instant killers. There is also the possibility of secondary projectiles from bone fragments.

If the investigation determines that bird shot was used, a conclusion of justifiable self defense is likely.

©2017 by Dean Weingarten: Permission to share is granted when this notice is included.

Link to Gun Watch

About Dean Weingarten:

Dean Weingarten has been a peace officer, a military officer, was on the University of Wisconsin Pistol Team for four years, and was first certified to teach firearms safety in 1973. He taught the Arizona concealed carry course for fifteen years until the goal of constitutional carry was attained. He has degrees in meteorology and mining engineering, and recently retired from the Department of Defense after a 30 year career in Army Research, Development, Testing, and Evaluation.

  • 8 thoughts on “MT: Pheasant Hunter Kills Charging Grizzly with 12 Gauge

    1. IF this was a “survival / Self defense shot” and not a hunt, there would be NO PICTURES as the game division REMOVES THE ANIMAL AND ANY TROPHY VALUE including pictures.

      1. Other than the act of killing the bear they will gain nothing from it. The body must be surrendered to the State. So I don’t think “poached” is the correct description. In fact they will spend some of their time explaining what exactly went down. These things are not handled lightly.

    2. What is more likely is a bird hunter in Alaska bear country carrying slugs with him to load if he sees a bear and has time to load them before it charges…

      1. The problem with your scenario is there is no bird season in July in Alaska that I am aware of. Most likely the round in the chamber was birdshot to “scare” a bear during an encounter with one. The rest would be slugs for the bear that wasn’t “scared” away by the birdshot round.

        1. If you read the story carefully, the pheasant hunter is the second person mentioned in the text and was in Montana. The first shooter was in Alaska and is the young boy in the picture attached. So different situation than the Montana events.

          Concerning Alaska, 12GA are carried in for protection against bears. July is when the fish are running and my experience has been that bears are pretty abundant.

          I recall a story about an experienced Alaska resident who went hiking alone near Soldatna on the Kenai peninsula who was killed by a bear and he got one shot off from a bolt action 270 that they believe hit the bear. But it still killed him and walked away never to be found. That incident happened one week before we were in that area fishing.

          1. Jim, since you appear to be responding to my post let me say that I was responding to “citizen’s” post. I am not confused as to what I said or meant. And, as I spent a number of summers in the Lignite/Savage River area of Alaska from the time I was 12 to 17 years of age, I was then and am now very familiar with the ins and outs of being in “bear country.”

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