WI Wolf Hunt: Dominated by Dogs, Perfect Conditions, Politics

Gray Wolf iStock-966118392
The NSSF applauds the de-listing of the Gray Wolf. IMG iStock-966118392

U.S.A.-(AmmoLand.com)- In February of 2021, Wisconsin held the first legal wolf hunt in the state, as required by law, since 2014. For seven years, the mandated wolf hunt was delayed and prohibited by activist groups and federal judges far from the action in Wisconsin. People who live with the increasing wolf population often have a different perspective, as shown in the linked videos.

Link to video of wolf attack on pet dog (viewer discretion advised)

Because of court challenges, the Wisconsin hunt started later than previous hunts, on 22 February, 2021. The hunt was closed on 24 February, as reports of the wolf harvest were collected at the Department of Natural Resources (DNR) headquarters.

In Wisconsin, a target number of wolves to be harvested is set, then sufficient tags are issued to harvest that number.

As reports of the harvest are collected, the DNR closes the hunt when it appears the desired number will be reached. Hunters have 24 hours to report a successful hunt, so there is always a lag in the reporting.  During the three days of the hunt, 216 wolves were harvested, 16 more than the target of 200.

The Ojibwa tribe claimed 50% of the quota in ceded lands, as determined by treaty and court cases. The Ojibwa council demanded and was awarded 81 of the 200 wolf quota. The Ojibwa council refused to issue any tags to tribal members.

Image from Wisconsin Wolf Hunters Facebook, cropped and scaled by Dean Weingarten

In the last federally allowed Wisconsin wolf hunt, in 2014, only 3.8% were taken with the use of dogs. From the Wisconsin DNR report on the 2014 wolf harvest:

Of the 154 wolves harvested, trapping with foothold traps accounted for 124 (80.5%), and 30 (19.5%)wolves were harvested by hunters. Of the 30 wolves harvested by hunters, 6 (3.8%) were hunted with the aid of dogs. Three wolves were harvested with archery equipment; firearm was the method of harvest for all other animals (table 3). No wolves were harvested with the use of cable restraints.

Hunting with dogs is not a guarantee of a successful hunt.

With the 22 February start, conditions for hunting wolves with dogs were ideal. A significant snow base, combined with two inches of fresh snow, made for ideal dog hunting conditions. Hunters could follow the sound of the dogs, attempt to get ahead of the wolves being pursued, then harvest the wolves as the hounds pushed them past the hunters, much as hunters use  beagles to hunt rabbits.

The snow, besides making tracking the wolves easier, also made spotting them in the Wisconsin woods easier.

In the 2021 hunt, 86% of the wolves were harvested with the aid of dogs. From madison.com:

The DNR said 54% of the wolves killed were male and 86% were hunted with dogs in conditions they described as ideal for tracking. About 5% were caught in traps and the rest taken through some other means.

The following graphics show the Wisconsin wolf hunting zones and the number of wolves harvested.

Image from Wisconsin DNR, cropped and scaled by Dean Weingarten
Image from Wisconsin DNR, cropped Scaled and 2021 year text by Dean Weingarten

The politics of the Wisconsin wolf hunt show the usual conflict between activist groups centered in urban areas, and people who live with the predators.

The first Wisconsin wolf hunt since wolves were listed as protected species in 1974, occurred in 2012. The legislature passed Act 169 requiring a wolf hunt when wolves were delisted:

Federal Delisting of Wolves

Federal de-listing of wolves occurred on January 27, 2012, following years of de-listings and re-listings resulting from a number of court cases, even though the Midwest wolf population exceeded recovery goals for many years.

Statutory Direction: Act 1 was approved by the Governor in April 2012. This statute authorizes and requires a wolf hunting and trapping season. Numerous season and application details were described in the statute. Act 169 authorized the Department to delineate harvest management zones, set harvest quotas, and determine the number of licenses to be issued to accomplish the harvest objective.

The timeline of listing and de-listing shows the process. The Wisconsin DNR determined the population goal for the gray wolf in Wisconsin to be 350 wolves.  From fws.gov:

  • 1974 – Grey wolf listed as endangered in lower 48 states
  • 2000 – Proposal to change Endangered Species Act (ESA) status of gray wolf in most of the lower 48
  • 2003 – Final rule to change status of gray wolf
  • 2004 – Proposal to de-list Eastern segment of gray wolf
  • 2005 – Oregon court overturns 2003 final rule.
  • 2005 – Vermont court overturns 2003 final rule.
  • 2005 – Michigan and Wisconsin DNR apply for permits to use lethal methods to control depredations
  • 2005 – Federal Department of the Interior declines to appeal Oregon and Vermont court decisions
  • 2006 – Proposed rule to de-list gray wolf in Western district
  • 2006 – Permits issued for Wisconsin and Michigan depredation permits. Lawsuit filed, judge rules against the Departments of Natural Resources.
  • 2007 – Final rule to de-list gray wolves in Western Great Lake
  • 2008 – Court rules against de-listing, places wolf back on ESA
  • 2009 – Jan 14, final rule to de-list wolves in Great Lakes Announced.
  • 2009 – Jan 20, final rule to de-list wolves in Great Lakes withdrawn by order of Rahm Emanuel of the Obama Administration.
  • 2009 – April 2, Final rule to de-list wolves in Great Lakes
  • 2009 – July 1, Final rule withdrawn for public comment
  • 2009 – Court order and settlement. Wolf places gray wolf in Great Lakes back on ESA list.
  • 2011 – December 28,  final rule to de-list Great Lakes wolves.
  • 2012 – First Wisconsin wolf season since 1974
  • 2013 – Feb 12 Litigation against de-listing of Great Lakes wolves filed
  • 2013 – June 13 Proposed rule for de-listing of gray wolf
  • 2014 – Second Wisconsin wolf season since 1974
  • 2014 – December 19, Federal court decision places wolves in Great Lakes back on ESA list.
  • 2020 – January 5, Trump administration de-lists Great Lakes wolves, due to high populations.
  • 2021 – February 22, third Wisconsin wolf hunt since 1974.

The pattern is easy to see. Experts in game management call for de-listing of the wolves. Urban non-experts demand no wolves be killed, moving the issue to the courts. Rules are reversed by court order.  The process is repeated. Wolf populations continue to soar, big game populations are significantly reduced by wolf depredations, farmers, ranchers, and rural residents lose livestock and pets to wolves. Occasionally, wolves threaten or harm humans.

The managed population goal for wolves in Wisconsin has been consistent at 350 wolves in the state, for decades. It was re-iterated in 2012. From the Wisconsin DNR:

The Wisconsin gray wolf (Canis lupus) population in late winter 2012 was 815 to 880 wolves including wolves in 213 packs and at least 20 loners. A total of 774+ wolves occurred outside of Indian reservations, thus the population exceeded its management goal of 350 wolves outside of Indian reservations by 424+ wolves.

This chart shows the wolf population increase in Wisconsin, 1980 to 2012. The middle line is the number of packs.  From Wisconsin DNR:

This chart shows the wolf population increase in Wisconsin, 1980 to 2012
This chart shows the wolf population increase in Wisconsin, 1980 to 2012

The number of wolves in Wisconsin in the spring of 2020 was about 1195, as estimated by the DNR.

The population of Wisconsin wolves has risen from 49 to 1195 in 27 years, exhibiting a 12.5% annual growth rate.

With a population of 1195 wolves in April of 2020, the population in February of 2021 was approximately 1344 before the harvest.

About 150 wolves a year will need to be harvested to keep the population in check. A higher number is needed to return the population to the goal of 350 wolves in the state.

Wolf populations are not self-limiting. Wolf populations expand to the limits of the food supply. They must be managed, or human-wolf conflicts will continue to rise.


About Dean Weingarten:

Dean Weingarten has been a peace officer, a military officer, was on the University of Wisconsin Pistol Team for four years, and was first certified to teach firearms safety in 1973. He taught the Arizona concealed carry course for fifteen years until the goal of Constitutional Carry was attained. He has degrees in meteorology and mining engineering, and retired from the Department of Defense after a 30-year career in Army Research, Development, Testing, and Evaluation.

Dean Weingarten

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Freedom 1080
Freedom 1080
7 months ago

To fill the quota that quickly means there is one hell of a lot of wolves. My guess is 3 times what the DNR admits too. Bet they could have taken 600 wolves and there would still be too many vermin pest.

Wolfyrex
Wolfyrex
7 months ago

Exactly what kind of meal would you prepare with a wolf kill? I deer hunt & prepare lots of different recipes of venison! Are you going to eat the wolf? Are you starving? Or are you just going to get your picture taken with it & maybe a mount for your den? Tell your wolf kill story to your butthole buddies? Amazing how we will let pedaphiles walk amongst our children, but some bureaucrat (that’s probably a pedaphile) puts a bounty on the head of a wolf! How pathetic you are if you hunt & kill wolves! Maybe you need… Read more »

hoss
hoss
7 months ago
Reply to  Wolfyrex

Lookie here caprone with no wolf kill there will be no venison, and after the deer are gone, wolves who are notorious cannibals will be eating your dogs, and cats. Before that happens, how many children do think they’ll take? You idiots haven’t got the sense God gave a goose!

macdog
macdog
7 months ago
Reply to  Wolfyrex

You like others, 2 doors down, Left Turn. Your comments and lack of common sense are welcome on taliban jack dorsey’s tweety. You and WI patriot can hold hands on way to the nearest wolf sanctuary. Do you have a recipe book and one on deer hunting technique? I’m not betting on that. hoss said it; when bambi is gone, don’t let your dog fluffy go outside alone; a good pack of wolves will make short order of you and fluffy. Maybe you are familiar with a 46 year old male who “befriended” the grizzlies in the Katmai AK. 2003.… Read more »

Last edited 7 months ago by macdog
Freedom 1080
Freedom 1080
7 months ago
Reply to  Wolfyrex

Wolves are nonessential vermin pest. Cry babies like you need to stay on Peta page so you can whine to other drama queens.

Get Out
Get Out
7 months ago
Reply to  Wolfyrex

Appears Wolf meat can be prepared for the table like venison too. Check out the web for a good recipe, the chili looks delicious. The skin can be turned in a parka and gloves.

Dave in Fairfax
Dave in Fairfax
7 months ago
Reply to  Get Out

Get Out,

Snorkel parkas used to have the snorkel lined with it because it wouldn’t frost up like most furs when you breathed out. I wonder if they taste like dog.

WI Patriot
WI Patriot
7 months ago

This was no “hunt”, it was a license to just go out and shoot wolves, ill managed, and ill advised…entire packs were slaughtered for no other reason but to shoot something…the majority of the shooters(not hunters in any sense of the word, let their kills just lie, less than 1% will be mounted…
What a travesty…

JPM
JPM
7 months ago
Reply to  WI Patriot

It’s called a “Depredation Hunt”, and is used all across the nation in most states to control a species whose population has become unmanageable by normal hunting and trapping methods. It’s not intended to be sporting, it’s intended to be a tool of last resort and the results, if successful, benefit the entire wildlife population, including the species targeted.

macdog
macdog
7 months ago
Reply to  JPM

To me, it sounds like (respectfully) Patriot is much like our lefty center of state (the Denver, Boulder corridor lefties who infested our state from other regions). This group claims to have all knowing knowledge of our mainstays of state income (agriculture, 2nd largest industry , oil, and hunting). These lefties who have NO F—ING dealings or idea of wildlife conservation, ranching (many ranches century owned), who are deciding the fate of these areas and their destruction. Recently our lefties here, decided we should re-introduce wolves (which already exist here due to natural migration and sympathetic wolf “rescues”), to areas… Read more »

Last edited 7 months ago by macdog
Duane
Duane
7 months ago
Reply to  WI Patriot

It is obvious that you have never hunted or hunted with hounds. I live in prime Wis. wolf country and have had them travel through my yard. On the average I see around 10 a year. I get pictures on my game cam’s a lot more than that. All the people i know who shot wolves are either having the hides tanned or are selling them to a fur buyer. No hunter is ever going to waste a valuable fur like that. The foolish, untrue statements you have made in your post are just lies and made up nonsense promoted… Read more »

macdog
macdog
7 months ago
Reply to  Duane

Duane…. hear hear ! Agreed

Freedom 1080
Freedom 1080
7 months ago
Reply to  WI Patriot

Oh look a Peta fruitcake whining over worthless vermin wolves. Need a tissue snowflake?