U.S.A. –-(AmmoLand.com)- The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, in an en banc panel, has found there is no “Right to Bear Arms” in the Second Amendment of the United States Constitution. The majority opinion was written by Judge Bybee.
The case is the long-delayed Young v. State of Hawaii. It will undoubtedly be appealed to the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS). Whether SCOTUS will grant a writ of Certiorari is unknown at this time. SCOTUS has refused to grant a hearing to nearly all Second Amendment cases for over a decade.
On 15 June, of 2020, SCOTUS refused to hear ten pending Second Amendment cases.
The consensus, at the time, was the Court was evenly split, with four justices likely in favor of enforcing the Second Amendment, and four justices in favor of gutting the Second Amendment. Justice Kennedy was considered a swing justice which could go either way. Therefore, neither side was willing to risk a case that might go against their desires.
Since then, Justice Kennedy has retired. Justice Ginsburg has died. They were replaced by Justice Kavanaugh and Justice Barrett. Both were advertised as strong originalists and textualists, who would uphold the Constitution as written.
The ruling class considers SCOTUS to have a strong conservative majority. It is far from clear. Chief Justice Roberts’ opinions turned sharply to the Left with his controversial opinion which upheld the constitutionality of Obamacare. Roberts was reported as bullying SCOTUS into finding the State of Texas did not have the standing to sue regarding constitutional irregularities in the 2020 elections.
Several seminal cases are coming before SCOTUS. Senate Majority leader Schumer directly threatened the court in March of 2020. Many think the threat was effective.
The majority in the Young v. State of Hawaii relies on two weak arguments. One is the qualifier sentence which Justice Stevens bragged about as being inserted into the Heller decision as the price of obtaining the vote of Justice Kennedy to uphold the Second Amendment. From the abajournal.com:
His only success, he said, was in getting Kennedy to persuade Justice Antonin Scalia to include language limiting the reach of his majority decision in Heller.
The limiting language was:
The Court’s opinion should not be taken to cast doubt on longstanding prohibitions on the possession of firearms by felons and the mentally ill, or laws forbidding the carrying of firearms in sensitive places such as schools and government buildings, or laws imposing conditions and qualifications on the commercial sale of arms.
The majority takes this sentence out of Heller and claims that an 1852 law made in the Kingdom of Hawaii, before it was ever part of the United States, shows a ban on the open carry of arms has been long-standing. There are numerous other references to a scattering of local laws and decisions, often out of context. The claim is that banning the open carry of firearms is a long-standing prohibition. It is a false claim, as noted in the dissent by Judge O’Scannlain:
Respectfully, the majority’s opinion—and in particular,its extreme and bizarre reliance on the mere fact of some historical regulation of firearms—represents a gross misapplication of the textual and historical inquiries that Heller demands.
The majority uses long-winded, and often, out-of-context quotes from irrelevant laws, to obfuscate the irrelevancy in 109 pages.
The second argument is to ignore the right to bear arms because Heller did not specifically cover the right to bear arms outside the home. In other words, because the Supreme Court did not directly mention it in Heller, it does not exist.
Judge O’Scannlain, dissenting, states it bluntly:
The Second Amendment to the United States Constitution guarantees “the right of the people to keep and bear Arms.”U.S. Const. amend. II (emphasis added). Today, a majority of our court has decided that the Second Amendment does not mean what it says. Instead, the majority holds that while the Second Amendment may guarantee the right to keep a firearm for self-defense within one’s home, it provides no right whatsoever to bear—i.e., to carry—that same firearm for self-defense in any other place.
The Ninth Circuit is the most overturned Circuit Court in the country.
It will take time to appeal the case to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is not required to take it. Several other cases are in the process about the right to bear arms outside the home.
There were eleven judges on the en banc panel at the Ninth Circuit. Six were appointed by Republican presidents. Five were appointed by Democrat Presidents. All the Democrat appointees and two of the appointees by G.W. Bush voted to eviscerate the Second Amendment. It was a seven to four decision.
- Sidney R. Thomas, Chief Judge, appointed by President Clinton
- M. Margaret McKeown, appointed by President Clinton
- Kim McLane Wardlaw, appointed by President Clinton
- William A. Fletcher, appointed by President Clinton
- Richard R. Clifton, appointed by President G.W. Bush
- Jay S.Bybee, appointed by President G.W. Bush
- Michelle T. Friedland appointed by President Obama
- Diarmuid F. O’Scannlain, appointed by President Reagan
- Consuelo M. Callahan, appointed by President G.W. Bush
- Sandra S. Ikuta, appointed by President G.W. Bush
- Ryan D. Nelson, appointed by President Donald Trump
The dissent by Judge O’Scannlain is well worth reading.
About Dean Weingarten:
Dean Weingarten has been a peace officer, a military officer, was on the University of Wisconsin Pistol Team for four years, and was first certified to teach firearms safety in 1973. He taught the Arizona concealed carry course for fifteen years until the goal of Constitutional Carry was attained. He has degrees in meteorology and mining engineering, and retired from the Department of Defense after a 30 year career in Army Research, Development, Testing, and Evaluation.