D.C. Court of Appeals Strikes Down “May Issue” Concealed Carry Law

By Dean Weingarten

Dean Weingarten
Dean Weingarten

Arizona -(Ammoland.com)- A three judge panel on the D.C. Court of Appeals has struck down the District of Columbia “may issue” concealed carry law.

The District of Columbia bans the open carry of firearms. With its law banning the concealed carry of firearms except in exceptionally rare cases, it has effectively banned the carry of weapons outside the home.

The three judge panel of the D.C. Court of Appeals ruled the law to be an unconstitutional infringement on the right to bear arms.

From foxnews.com:

D.C. requires gun owners to have a “good reason” to obtain a concealed carry permit.

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit struck down the regulation as too restrictive in a 2-1 decision, The Washington Post reported.

“The good-reason law is necessarily a total ban on most D.C. residents’ right to carry a gun in the face of ordinary self-defense needs,” Judge Thomas B. Griffith wrote, according to the paper.

“Bans on the ability of most citizens to exercise an enumerated right would have to flunk any judicial test.”

 From the decision:

Our first question is whether the Amendment’s “core” extends to publicly carrying guns for self-defense. The District argues that it does not, citing Heller I’s observation that “the need for defense of self, family, and property is most acute” in the home. Id. at 628. But the fact that the need for self-defense is most pressing in the home doesn’t mean that self-defense at home is the only right at the Amendment’s core. After all, the Amendment’s “core lawful purpose” is self-defense, id. at 630, and the need for that might arise beyond as well as within the home. Moreover, the Amendment’s text protects the right to “bear”as well as “keep”arms. For both reasons, it’s more natural to view the Amendment’s core as including a law-abiding citizen’s right to carry common firearms for self-defense beyond the home (subject again to relevant “longstanding” regulations like bans on carrying “in sensitive places”). Id. at 626.

This reading finds support in parts of Heller I that speak louder than the Court’s aside about where the need for guns is “most acute.” That remark appears when Heller I turns to the particular ban on possession at issue there. By then the Court has spent over fifty pages giving independent and seemingly equal treatments to the right to “keep” and to “bear,” first defining those “phrases” and then teasing out their implications. See id. at 570-628. In that long preliminary analysis, the Court elaborates that to “bear” means to “‘wear, bear, or carry . . . upon the person or in the clothing or in a pocket, for the purpose . . . of being armed and ready for offensive or defensive action in a case of conflict with another person.’” Id. at 584 (quoting Muscarello v. United States, 524 U.S. 125, 143 (1998) (Ginsburg, J., dissenting)). That definition shows that the Amendment’s core must span, in the Court’s own words, the “right to possess and carry weapons in case of confrontation.” Id. at 592 (emphasis added).

From the examples of Peruta in the Ninth Circuit, the Maryland ban on “assault weapons” in the Fourth Circuit, and the 11th Circuit decision to uphold the chilling of Second Amendment rights by doctors as agents of the government,  I expect the District of Columbia will ask for an en banc ruling from the entire D.C. appeals court.

It seems that any upholding of Second Amendment rights is appealed en banc, which is to say, to the entire court. An en banc appeal may not be granted in D.C. It requires a majority vote of the D.C. non-senior judges. The D.C. Court refused en banc appeals by the D.C. attorney general for two previous Second Amendment cases in recent years.

If the court refuses to grant the en banc request, or if the case is heard en banc, and if the D.C. circuit upholds the three judge panel, the case will be appealed to the Supreme Court.

Senate Democrats, lead by Harry Reid, used the “nuclear option” to stack the D.C. Court of appeals with President Obama’s appointees exactly for such situations as this.  The Republicans recently returned the favor by using the “nuclear option” to confirm Supreme Court justice Gorsuch.

The Supreme Court has been reluctant to hear Second Amendment cases. The decision of the three judge panel on the D.C. Court of Appeals has made Wrenn a case that upholds the Second Amendment. Most of the previous cases denied by the Supreme Court upheld infringements on the right to bear arms.

©2017 by Dean Weingarten: Permission to share is granted when this notice is included.

Link to Gun Watch


About Dean Weingarten:

Dean Weingarten has been a peace officer, a military officer, was on the University of Wisconsin Pistol Team for four years, and was first certified to teach firearms safety in 1973. He taught the Arizona concealed carry course for fifteen years until the goal of constitutional carry was attained. He has degrees in meteorology and mining engineering, and recently retired from the Department of Defense after a 30 year career in Army Research, Development, Testing, and Evaluation.

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My concern is even if this goes to the Supreme Court and SCOTUS knocks down this “may issue” nonsense, all these gun restrictive states like NY, Calif, Maryland, NJ, CT, etc… will just turn around and give the middle finger to SCOTUS and dare any concealed carry holder from another state to cross over into their state to see what happens. How exactly could it be enforced, if there are localities who will have law enforcement protesting against it locking people up anyway? Following same-sex marriage rulings in the past, there were clerks that resisted the decision who refused to… Read more »


“The court stated, is not whether a few select people could exercise the right but whether it was available to responsible, law-abiding people in ordinary circumstances. Because the court found that D.C.’s ‘good’ or ‘proper’ reason requirement was effectively a ban on bearing arms by people entitled to Second Amendment protection, it declared the requirement invalid and barred its enforcement.”

Uh! Los Angeles County and other California counties have this sham “may issue” system ever since I purchased my first handgun in the mid 80s.

It’s been a lifetime seeing this move through the courts.

Samuel Stephens

I live in Sacramento County an the Sheriff here has certain DemocRATic legislators upset because gives out CCWs without begging if you meet his standards, not like some other County Sheriffs do. The Sheriff will pull a CCW just as quick. There are lots of good Sheriffs but there are those who leave a lot to be desired.

Samuel Stephens

Obamanation was and is pathetic, his pick of judges pretty pathetic too.

Jim in Conroe

I am not optimistic that the full District Court will uphold the en banc decision, given the stacking of the court with liberal judges by Obama.